A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
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  • Cable Television Networks Means any mainly wire-based infrastructure established primarily for the delivery or distribution of radio or television broadcast to the public (Article 1(8) Directive 2002/77/EC).
  • Call Means a connection established by means of a publicly available telephone service allowing two-way communication in real time (Article 2(e) Directive 2002/58/EC).
  • Cell ID Means the identity of the cell from which a mobile telephony call originated or in which it terminated (Article 2(2)(e) Directive 2006/24/EC).
  • Certificate (Directive 1999/93/EC) Means an electronic attestation which links signature-verification data to a person and confirms the identity of that person (Article 2(9) Directive 1999/93/EC).
  • Certificate (UNCITRAL Model Law) A data message or other record confirming the link between a signatory and signature creation data (Article 2(b) UNCITRAL Model Law on Electronic Signatures).
  • Certification-Service-Provider (Directive 1999/93/EC) Means an entity or a legal or natural person who issues certificates or provides other services related to electronic signatures (Article 2(11) Directive 1999/93/EC).
  • Certification-Service-Provider (UNCITRAL Model Law) A person that issues certificates and may provide other services related to electronic signatures (Article 2(e) UNCITRAL Model Law on Electronic Signatures).
  • Code of Conduct Means an agreement or set of rules not imposed by law, regulation or administrative provision of a Member State which defines the behaviour of traders who undertake to be bound by the code in relation to one or more particular commercial practices or business sectors (Article 2(f) Directive 2005/29/EC).
  • Code Owner Means any entity, including a trader or group of traders, which is responsible for the formulation and revision of a code of conduct and/or for monitoring compliance with the code by those who have undertaken to be bound by it (Article 2(g) Directive 2005/29/EC).
  • Collective Rights Manager Means any person providing the services set out in point (a) to several right-holders (Point 1(e) Commission Recommendation 2005/737/EC).
  • Commercial Communication Any form of communication designed to promote, directly or indirectly, the goods, services or image of a company, organisation or person pursuing a commercial, industrial or craft activity or exercising a regulated profession. The following do not in themselves constitute commercial communications: - information allowing direct access to the activity of the company, organisation or person, in particular a domain name or an electronic-mail address, - communications relating to the goods, services or image of the company, organisation or person compiled in an independent manner, particularly when this is without financial consideration (Article 2(f) Directive 2000/31/EC).
  • Commercial User Means any person involved in the provision of online music services who needs a licence from right-holders in order to provide legitimate online music services (Point 1(h) Commission Recommendation 2005/737/EC).
  • Communication (Directive 2002/58/EC) Means any information exchanged or conveyed between a finite number of parties by means of a publicly available electronic communications service. This does not include any information conveyed as part of a broadcasting service to the public over an electronic communications network except to the extent that the information can be related to the identifiable subscriber or user receiving the information (Article 2(d) Directive 2002/58/EC).
  • Communication (United Nations Convention ) Any statement, declaration, demand, notice or request, including an offer and the acceptance of an offer, that the parties are required to make or choose to make in connection with the formation or performance of a contract (Article 4(a) United Nations Convention on the Use of Electronic Communications in International Contracts).
  • Complainant Means the party initiating a complaint concerning a domain-name registration (Point 1 Rules for UDRP).
  • Computer Data Means any representation of facts, information or concepts in a form suitable for processing in a computer system, including a program suitable to cause a computer system to perform a function (Article 1(b) Convention on Cybercrime).
  • Computer System Means any device or a group of interconnected or related devices, one or more of which, pursuant to a program, performs automatic processing of data (Article 1(a) Convention on Cybercrime).
  • Conditional Access System Means any technical measure and/or arrangement whereby access to a protected radio or television broadcasting service in intelligible form is made conditional upon subscription or other form of prior individual authorisation (Article 2(f) Directive 2002/21/EC).
  • Consent By a user or subscriber corresponds to the data subject's consent in Directive 95/46/EC (Article 2(f) Directive 2002/58/EC).
  • Consent of the Data Subject (Directive 95/46/EC) Any freely given specific and informed indication of his wishes by which the data subject signifies his agreement to personal data relating to him being processed (Article 2(h) Directive 95/46/EC).
  • Consent of the Data Subject (Organic Law 15/1999) Any free, unequivocal, specific and informed indication of his wishes by which the data subject consents to the processing of personal data relating to him (Article 3(h) Organic Law 15/1999).
  • Consumer (Directive 2000/31/EC) Any natural person who is acting for purposes which are outside his or her trade, business or profession (Article 2(e) Directive 2000/31/EC).
  • Consumer (Directive 2002/21/EC) Any natural person who uses or requests a publicly available electronic communications service for purposes which are outside his or her trade, business or profession (Article 2(i) Directive 2002/21/EC).
  • Consumer (Directive 2002/65/EC) Any natural person who, in distance contracts covered by this Directive, is acting for purposes which are outside his trade, business or profession (Article 2(d) Directive 2002/65/EC).
  • Consumer (Directive 2005/29/EC) Any natural person who, in commercial practices covered by this Directive, is acting for purposes which are outside his trade, business, craft or profession (Article 2(a) Directive 2005/29/EC).
  • Consumer (Directive 93/13/EEC) Means any natural person who, in contracts covered by this Directive, is acting for purposes which are outside his trade, business or profession (Article 2(b) Directive 93/13/EEC).
  • Consumer (Directive 97/7/EC) Any natural person who, in contracts covered by this Directive, is acting for purposes which are outside his trade, business or profession (Article 2(2) Directive 97/7/EC).
  • Control of Access Mechanism that depending on previously authenticated identification allows access to data or resources (Article 5.2.d Royal Decree 1720/2007).
  • Controller (Directive 95/46/EC) Means the natural or legal person, public authority, agency or any other body which alone or jointly with others determines the purposes and means of the processing of personal data; where the purposes and means of processing are determined by national or Community laws or regulations, the controller or the specific criteria for his nomination may be designated by national or Community law (Article 2(d) Directive 95/46/EC).
  • Controller (Organic Law 15/1999) Natural or legal person, whether public or private, or administrative body which determines the purpose, content and use of the processing (article 3(d) Organic Law 15/1999).
  • Controller of the File Means the natural or legal person, public authority, agency or any other body who is competent according to the national law to decide what should be the purpose of the automated data file, which categories of personal data should be stored and which operations should be applied to them (Article 2(d) article Convention 108).
  • Coordinated Field Requirements laid down in Member States' legal systems applicable to information society service providers or information society services, regardless of whether they are of a general nature or specifically designed for them (Article 2(h) Directive 2000/31/EC).
  • Culture of Network and Information Security Has the same meaning as that set out in the OECD Guidelines for the security of Information Systems and Networks of 25 July 2002 and the Council Resolution of 18 February 2003 on a European approach towards a culture of network and information security (Article 4(k) Regulation (EC) Nº 460/2004).